The Acolyte was a fanzine devoted to H. P. Lovecraft and his circle, published by Francis Towner Laney (d. 1958) in the 1940s.
The first issue appeared in 1942, published in Washington, U.S.A. Editors for the fanzine included Francis T. Laney, Samuel D. Russell, and Duane W. Rimel. Rah Hoffman was listed as Art Director. The first two issues were hectographed and the subsequent issues were mimeographed.
Issue One featured the "Map of Arkham", drawn by H. P. Lovecraft. Other issues of The Acolyte included "The Cthulhu Mythology: A Glossary" by Francis T. Laney, essays by Fritz Leiber about Lovecraft's fiction, as well as fiction in the fantasy and supernatural genres, and poetry. Also featured were contributions by Robert H. Barlow (Leaves) and Clark Ashton Smith, as well as many previously unpublished essays by Lovecraft.
Later issues list F. Lee Baldwin (The Star Rover), Duane W. Rimel and Harold Wakefield as contributing editors.
Other contributors included Forrest J Ackerman (as "Weaver Wright") (Voice of the Imagi-Nation), Virginia Anderson (a.k.a. Hyacinthe Hill), Robert Averett, Manly Banister (The Nekromantikon) Rita Barr, Sara Barschow, Stuart Morton Boland, Anthony Boucher, Barbara E. Bovard, Vil Bryant, Charless Burbee (Shangri L'Affaires), Shirley Chapper, Ronald Clyne, W. Paul Cook (The Vagrant), Ruby Diehr, Burhnam Eaton, Ernest A. Edkins (Causerie), Norma Edmonds, Edith Hope Genee, W.R. Gibson, Henry Hasse (Emil Petaja), Arthur F. Hillman, Dorothy E. Jacobs, Wilhelm Jensen, Arthur Louis Joquel II (as "Fywert Kinge"), Arthur Kennedy, Lilith Lorraine (Different), Banks Mebane, Cosette Middleton, Verne Moore, Richard Ely Morse, Sam Moskowitz (New Fandom), Maurice Ogden, Elmer Perdue (The Fantasy Amateur), E. Hoffmann Price, Samuel D. Russell, Margaret Stavely, Tigrina (Hymn To Satan, Vice Versa), Bob Tucker (Le Zombie), Donald Wandrei , Harry Warner, Jr. (Spaceways), Carol Wyatt, T. Bruce Yerke (The Damn Thing).
Art work was contributed by Thomas G. L. Cockroft, Duane W. Rimel, Alva Rogers, Harold Wakefield, Howard Wandrei, and Carol Wyatt.
Two works of writing from The Acolyte are considered essential in the creation of the Cthulhu Mythos, including "Music of the Stars" by Duane W. Rimel, and "Horror at Vecra" by Henry Hasse.
Four issues of The Acolyte were published in Washington 1943, and three in 1944. The winter of 1945 saw one issue released, after which the publisher, Francis Laney, moved to Los Angeles, where he released three more issues that year. In 1946 the last two issues were released, making 14 issues in all.